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Russian military in Donbass (Ukraine)


This article is about Russian military invasion in post-Euromaidan Ukraine. For Russian annexation of Crimea, see Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. For the unrest in eastern Ukraine, see 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. For the ongoing military conflict in Donbass, see War in Donbass. Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present) Part of the Ukrainian crisis and 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine 2014 Russo-ukrainian-conflict map.svg Areas held by the insurgents and Russia Areas under the control of Ukraine (Image last updated on: 11 September 2014.) Date 20 February 2014 – ongoing (3 years, 3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days) Location Ukraine: Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Peninsula Donetsk Oblast Donetsk Oblast[2] Luhansk Oblast Luhansk Oblast[2] Kherson Oblast Kherson Oblast[3] Russia: Rostov Oblast[4][5] Black Sea (Sea of Azov)[6] Status Unmarked Russian troops take over Crimea, seize military units,[7][8][9] fortify near Chonhar, Kherson Oblast[10][11][12] (abandoned by 9 December 2014)[13] Russian military buildup on Russian-Ukrainian border[14][15] NATO condemns Russian involvement, plans Rapid Trident military exercises in Ukraine,[16] reinforces members west of Ukraine.[17] US,[2] Ukraine[18] accuse Russia of orchestrating unrest in eastern and southern Ukraine Russian invasion in the War in Donbass[19] Economic sanctions applied to Russia as a result of the invasion contribute to the Russian financial crisis that began in 2014[20][21][22][23] Territorial changes Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation Pro-Russian insurgents control strip along border from Novoazovsk to Luhansk Belligerents Russia In Crimea: Republic of Crimea Sevastopol In Donbass: Donetsk PR Luhansk PR Ukraine Ukraine[1] Commanders and leaders Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg Vladimir Putin Russia Sergey Shoygu Russia Valery Gerasimov Russia Igor Sergun Russia Aleksandr Vitko Russia Denis Berezovsky Russia Alexander Lentsov[24] In Crimea: Republic of Crimea Sergey Aksyonov In Donbass: Donetsk People's Republic Alexander Zakharchenko Luhansk People's Republic Igor Plotnitsky Presidential Standard of Ukraine.svg Oleksandr Turchynov (February-June 2014) Presidential Standard of Ukraine.svg Petro Poroshenko (since June 2014) Ukraine Stepan Poltorak Ukraine Mykhailo Kutsyn Ukraine Serhiy Hayduk Units involved Russian Armed Forces: Ground Forces 18th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade[25] 9th Motorized Rifle Brigade (Nizhny Novgorod)[26] 200th Motor Rifle Brigade[27] Special Operations Forces[28][29][30][31] Airborne Troops Russian 76th Airborne Division patch.svg 76th Airborne Division[32][33] Russian 98th Airborne Division patch.svg 98th Airborne Division[34] Russian 31st Airborne Brigade patch.svg 31st Airborne Brigade[25] Navy Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Baltic Fleet.svg Baltic Fleet[35] Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Northern Fleet.svg Northern Fleet Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.svg Black Sea Fleet Morskaja pehota Rossii.gif Marines Generalstaff central dep.svg GRU[36] 22nd Spetsnaz Brigade[25][37] 45th Guards Spetsnaz Regiment[38] Armed Forces of Ukraine: Ground Forces Territorial defence battalions Airmobile Forces Air Force Navy Геральдичний знак - емблема МВС України.svg Internal Affairs Ministry: National Guard Azov Battalion Donbas Battalion Special tasks patrol police «Dnipro-1» battalion emblem.jpg Dnipro Battalion Kharkiv Battalion Emblem of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.png State Border Guard Noman Çelebicihan Battalion Security Service of Ukraine Emblem.svg Security Service Нарукавний знак ЦСО СБУ.png SBU Alpha Group Strength Crimean Force: 25,000–30,000[39][40] Black Sea Fleet: 11,000 (including Marines) 30 + Warships (incl. submarine) 4 Squadrons of fighter aircraft (18 planes each) Reinforcements: 16,000[41][42][43][44]–42,000[45] In Donbass: 7,500+ Russian infantry [46][47][48] Armed Forces of Ukraine: +232,000 Casualties and losses 400–500 Russian soldiers killed (acc. U.S. DoS),[49] 12 captured[50] Unknown number of Donbass separatists killed 1 Crimean SDF trooper killed[51] 2,423 killed,[52] 6,820 wounded,[53] 378 missing,[54] 2,768 captured[55][56][57] Over 8,000 killed overall[58] (including 304 foreign civilians)[59][60][61][62] [show] v t e Ukrainian crisis [show] v t e Post-Soviet conflicts Ukrainian crisis 2014-02-21 11-04 Euromaidan in Kiev.jpg Main topics Euromaidan 2014 Ukrainian revolution Pro-Russian unrest Russian military intervention Annexation of Crimea War in Donbass Related topics 1954 transfer of Crimea Russia–Ukraine relations Human rights in Ukraine Orange Revolution Transnistria War Russo-Georgian War v t e In 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory. After Euromaidan protests and the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers without insignias took control of strategic positions and infrastructure within the Ukrainian te